Map of East Africa showing the key travel destinations in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. East Africa is a popular safari destination offering a range of safari options in different countries and game reserves.

Ngorongoro Crater
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Ngorongoro Crater Guided Bush Walk

Ngorongoro is a Tanzanian must-see. The Ngorongoro Crater, a caldera or collapsed volcano, while only covering 260 km², includes a diverse range of habitats including montane forest, grasslands, acacia forests, a salt-lake and swamps. The diversity of the habitat provides home to an incredibly wide range of birds and animals, including the Big Five, in a concentrated area. Accommodation around the rim of the crater provides spectacular views and easy access to the crater.

Serengeti National Park
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Serengeti National Park Zebra

Covering a vast area in northwestern Tanzania, the Serengeti National Park is an absolute must-see. With over 70 mammals, including huge populations of lion and other predators and over 500 bird species, this is wildlife viewing paradise. Beyond the incredible Great Migration that moves through the area seasonally, this is an incredibly beautiful park with diverse flora and fauna.

Serengeti Migration Area
Africa Travel Guide Serengeti Migration Area Tanzania Giraffes Looking On

The Greater Serengeti Migration Area refers to a huge area that incorporates a number of national parks, including Serengeti and the Ndutu region of Ngorongoro. Vast plains, rolling hills, volcanic mountains and forested areas make for breath-taking scenery. Add to that abundant wildlife and the annual circular migration through the region of millions of wildebeest, zebra, antelope and their predators, and you have the perfect safari setting.

Ndutu region
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Ndutu Ngorongoro Great Wildebeest Migration

Consisting mainly of sweeping grasslands, the Ndutu area in the northern part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area joins the Serengeti. As such, it forms part of the annual migratory route of hundreds of thousands of wildebeest, zebra, antelope and their predators who come to graze and calve between November and March, depending on the rains. The forests around Lake Ndutu and small koppies are also home to prolific resident wildlife.

Maasai Mara National Park
Africa Travel Guide Maasai Mara Kenya View of Plains

It's said that you won't find a greater abundance of game anywhere in Africa, as you will in the Maasai Mara. Apart from the Big 5, you're likely to see a bigger variety of wildlife in larger numbers; like the annual wildebeest migration, involving over 1.5 million animals.

Amboseli National Park
Amboseli Free Ranging Elephants at Foot of Kilimanjaro

Probably second only to the Maasai Mara in popularity, Amboseli is a fairly small park known for its vast elephant herds. They're often photographed with nearby Mount Kilimanjaro as a backdrop. Only 200 km from Nairobi, Amboseli combines well with a number of other game parks for an outstanding Kenyan safari experience.

Tsavo National Park
Famous Red Elephants Tsavo National Park in Kenya

Kenya's biggest, yet most underdeveloped national park, Tsavo is bisected by the main Nairobi-Mombasa highway. Wild, uncrowded and authentic, Tsavo is famous for its red elephants. Tsavo National Park is easily combined with Amboseli and coastal Kenya for an unforgettable bush and beach safari experience.

Lake Nakuru National Park
Flaming Flamingos At Lake Nakuru, Kenya

Two of the better-known lakes in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya, Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha are within easy reach of the capital, Nairobi. Each offers a distinctive safari experience and are often included in a Kenyan safari.

Lake Naivasha National Park
Flaming Flamingos At Lake Nakuru, Kenya

Two of the better-known lakes in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya, Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha are within easy reach of the capital, Nairobi. Each offers a distinctive safari experience and are often included in a Kenyan safari.

Selous Game Reserve
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Selous Game Reserve Water Safari

Selous Game Reserve in southern Tanzania covers over 45,000 km² and is one of the country's three World Heritage Sites. The reserve is world-renowned for its unspoilt bush and vast numbers of game, including elephant, lion, hippo and over 440 species of bird. Incredible scenery and the option to enjoy the African bush not only on game drives but game walks and boating safaris too make Selous an incredible safari destination.

Ruaha National Park
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Ruaha National Park Guided Walking Safari

In the heart of Tanzania where the Zambezi miombo woodlands meet the Tanzanian/Kenyan savannahs, lies Ruaha National Park. This vast park, with its few camps, offers visitors an uncrowded glimpse of untouched Africa, with a huge diversity of game, birds and landscapes. It's an area known for its incredible animal sightings, including large herds of elephant and plenty of predators.

Katavi National Park
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Katavi National Park Bush Walk Sundowners

Known for its diverse landscapes and abundance of game, Katavi National Park's drawcard is its remoteness. This has ensured that the area has remained completely unspoilt, with few visitors, allowing a safari guaranteed to make you feel like the only people on earth! With large populations of elephant, lion, hippo and more, game viewing is beyond spectacular, especially during the dry season when water sources are few.

Zanzibar
Africa Travel Guide Tanzania Zanzibar Romantic Boat Trip

Zanzibar island along with Pemba Island to the north are referred to as the Spice Islands. Zanzibar is best known as a tropical beach paradise, which is easily combined with a safari in Tanzania or Kenya. The history here harks back to ancient trade routes. In Stone Town, Indo-Arabic influences intertwine with African Swahili origins to create a heady fusion of sights, sounds and aromas. Whether you're looking for the culture and bustle of historic cobbled streets in Stone Town or the peaceful beaches and warm Indian Ocean with its dhow trips and excellent diving, Zanzibar is simply paradise.

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